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Information Literacy Framework

This guide will help students better understand the information literacy concepts underlying the research process. Information Literacy includes media literacy and text-based literacy.

Worth Reading

Wikpedia entries worth reading

  • Cognitive Bias - a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment. Individuals create their own "subjective social reality" from their perception of the input. An individual's construction of social reality, not the objective input, may dictate their behaviour in the social world. Thus, cognitive biases may sometimes lead to perceptual distortion, inaccurate judgment, illogical interpretation, or what is broadly called irrationality.
  • Deepfake - an artificial intelligence-based human image synthesis technique used to combine and superimpose manipulated images and videos onto source images or videos. The combination of the manipulated and source videos results in a fake video that shows a person or persons performing an action or speech that never occurred in reality.
  • HTTP Cookie - a small piece of data sent from a website and stored on the user's computer by the user's web browser while the user is browsing. Cookies were designed to be a reliable mechanism for websites to remember stateful information (such as items added in the shopping cart in an online store) or to record the user's browsing activity (including clicking particular buttons, logging in, or recording which pages were visited in the past). They can also be used to remember arbitrary pieces of information that the user previously entered into form fields such as names, addresses, passwords, and credit card numbers.
  • Inquiry-based Learning - a form of active learning that starts by posing questions, problems or scenarios—rather than simply presenting established facts or portraying a smooth path to knowledge. The process is often assisted by a facilitator. Inquirers will identify and research issues and questions to develop their knowledge or solutions. Inquiry-based learning includes problem-based learning, and is generally used in small scale investigations and projects, as well as research. The inquiry-based instruction is principally very closely related to the development and practice of thinking skills.
  • Scholarly Method (aka scholarship) - the body of principles and practices used by scholars to make their claims about the subject as valid and trustworthy as possible, and to make them known to the scholarly public. It is the methods that systemically advance the teaching, research, and practice of a given scholarly or academic field of study through rigorous inquiry.  Scholarship can be documented, can be replicated or elaborated, and can be and is peer-reviewed through various methods.
  • Weasel Words - an informal term for words and phrases such as "researchers believe" and "most people think" which make arguments appear specific or meaningful, even though these terms are at best ambiguous and vague. Using weasel words may allow someone to later deny any specific meaning if the statement is challenged, because the statement was never specific in the first place. Weasel words may be used in advertising and political statements to mislead.

Project Information Literacy

Project Information Literacy (PIL) is a nonprofit research institute that conducts ongoing, national studies on what it is like being a student in the digital age.

A-ha! Articles

Articles that may provide an "A-ha!" moment.

The following are on the open internet.

Books Worth Reading

More books (not in catalog)

Berlin, B., & Kay, P. (1991). Basic color terms: Their universality and evolution. Univ of California Press.

Books for Faculty


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